Many high-earning physicians find that taking advantage of a donor-advised fund is often a simple and tax-savvy way to make charitable contributions.
Would you like to make a donation that not only supports a cause you believe in but also reduces your taxes? Maybe you’d like to get the tax benefits now, but take your time determining which charities your money should go to? Many high-earning physicians find that taking advantage of a donor-advised fund is often a simple and tax-savvy way to make charitable contributions.
A donor-advised fund (DAF) is a special type of account that’s used specifically for making charitable donations. You (the donor) make contributions to a non-profit, third-party entity that hosts the account (the sponsor). You then recommend to the sponsor which charities you’d like your donations to be granted to.
Your contributions to the DAF can be made in the form of:
Keep in mind, though, that once a contribution has been made to the DAF, the transfer is irrevocable. Always consult with your financial advisor before funding your DAF to discuss the option most beneficial to you.
DAFs offer a variety of benefits for high-earning physicians looking to reduce taxes, support their favorite charities, and simplify their giving strategy.
One of the biggest reasons why wealth managers recommend using DAFs is because of the tax benefits they offer.
Normally when you donate to a charity, the funding comes from earned income you’ve already paid taxes on. Or it might come from the sale of securities, which could trigger taxes on the capital gains.
By contrast, when you make a contribution to a DAF using an appreciated asset, you can avoid paying capital gains on the contribution (as long as the asset was held for more than one year). Instead of gifting assets that would otherwise incur a tax event, you can strategically use the DAF to reduce your tax burden.
Contributions to a DAF can also be particularly beneficial for individuals with concentrated positions in company stock. Rather than trying to sell their shares and attempting to rebalance their portfolio, they could instead gift those shares to the DAF by making a tax-exempt transfer.
But that’s not all. Your federal tax return could stand to benefit, as well. When donating securities to a DAF, your contribution could serve as a possible above-the-line tax deduction worth up to 30% of your adjusted gross income, and up to 60% when donating cash.
Over the past few years, many high-net-worth taxpayers have witnessed the unfortunate removal of a substantial number of itemized deductions from their Schedule A worksheets. The standard deduction was raised substantially, but unless your itemized deductions exceed the standard deduction, then your charitable gifts won't help to reduce your taxable income. Many charitably inclined physicians, then, are receiving little or no tax benefit from their generous contributions.
For those individuals who regularly donate to the same charities year after year, bunching deductions with a DAF could help physicians exceed the standard deduction threshold amount and receive a larger tax benefit for their charitable contributions.
This is how it works. Instead of making individual donations over the next 2-4 years, you combine them into one larger DAF contribution. You'll get the tax benefit of the full, larger contribution for that year, which will help your itemized deductions. In the interim years, you would then take the standard deduction. It can be particularly helpful to “bunch” in years where you anticipate that income will be higher to offset a potentially higher tax liability.
Once you contribute assets into the DAF, they will grow tax-free within the fund (like a Roth IRA). Generally, the assets will be converted to a limited group of investment offerings (like a 401k). Depending on the organization, they may even be managed by a financial advisor. Ultimately, this will increase the potential for your contributions to grow in value and could lead to larger grants to charities of your choice.
Suppose you’d like to take advantage of these tax benefits, or you have a cause that you’d really like to support, but you’re unclear which charitable organizations are the right ones for your donations. A DAF can serve as an intermediate holding account. Large contributions can be made to your DAF all in one year and dispersed to the charities of your choice months or even years down the road. Meanwhile, your contributions are still tax-deductible in the year that they were made.
Planning Tip: This gifting strategy can even be incorporated into your estate plan. Proceeds from a retirement plan or life insurance policy can be gifted to the sponsor to reduce or even eliminate the potential tax burden on your heirs.
Rather than making multiple donations to several charities and then trying to keep track of them, a DAF can be used to simplify the process. You only need to contribute to the DAF and then let the DAF manage the logistics of distributing your grants. To your benefit, you’ll receive one consolidated statement that you can easily submit to your tax professional.
Chances are that if you’re already investing with a major full-service brokerage then you’ll have the opportunity to contribute to a donor-advised fund. Many reputable services like Vanguard, Fidelity, and Charles Schwab each have charitable arms that qualify as a section 501(c)(3) organization according to the IRS. For some of these institutions, the minimum starting amount can be as little as $5,000.
Several public and community foundations also serve as DAF sponsors. These organizations will typically cater to specific social, regional, and faith-based causes.
Donating to charity is a noble act, but it can also be done in such a way that is beneficial to your bottom line. After all, if you can save in taxes, you’ll ultimately have more wealth with which to make an impact. A donor-advised fund can be a great way to not only avoid paying taxable capital gains but also to have more flexibility over when charities will receive your grants.