Turns out that getting good, essential health care in the U.S. depends on income, more so than in any other wealthy country.
The latest international study on health systems from the Commonwealth Fund once again ranks the U.S. last among 11 high-income countries in providing equitably accessible, affordable, high-quality health care. In fact, since 2004, the U.S. has ranked last in every edition of the Commonwealth Fund report. It’s a paradox considering the U.S. spends more per capita than any other country. To provide historical context, health spending (inclusive of all health-related activities, including administration of insurance, health research, and public health) totaled $74.1 billion in 1970, $1.4 trillion in 2000, and $4.1 trillion in 2020. Between 2019 and 2020, the rate of increase was 9.7%, whereas the increase from 2018 to 2019 was half that at 4.3%.
Turns out that getting good, essential health care in the U.S. depends on income, more so than in any other wealthy country. The report revealed that 50% of lower-income U.S. adults stated costs as a barrier to needed health care compared to 27% of higher-income adults. In comparison, on average, only 12% of lower-income and 7% of higher-income adults in the other countries stated costs as a barrier. Here’s the irony, however: A person of high income in the U.S. was more likely to report financial barriers to care than a low-income person in almost every other country in the survey, which includes Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and U.K.
To fix the increasingly disconnected healthcare ecosystem in the U.S., technology may bring it all together—for everyone, regardless of income. Consider telehealth for example, where a patient can avoid long wait times and network and geographical limitations. Regarding scheduling an appointment with a specialist, such as a dermatologist, a February 2022 report from the Vermont Agency of Human Services showed that patients in that state had a three-month or more wait time. Then there is the issue of in-network and out-of-network. Telehealth providers holding multiple licenses to practice in various states helps patients overcome these challenges. But that is just the beginning of the connectivity loop.
A first virtual visit with a telehealth provider can lead to a long relationship in managing and monitoring a specific condition, such as hypertension, at a distance. From embedded technology such as sensors in devices, to Bot sessions before the first visit—and after or in-between visits—technology is dramatically improving the ability of a doctor or health professional to monitor the patient condition, provide proactive solutions and help base decision-making over a personalized, wide and updated range of data about the patient. So actually, technology is reducing the barrier of access to the doctor while also boosting the medical team's attention to the individual's health, leveraging the ability to improve his condition dramatically (and reduce the related cost) for a fraction of the cost.
The number of smart, connected healthcare devices to aid in this regard is increasing rapidly. Take digital blood pressure monitors: Utilizing Bluetooth, some connect to an iOS or Android smartphone, tablet or smartwatch and send information to a specified provider. There are even smart pill bottles that are internet enabled, with embedded sensors that send data to the cloud (time cap is opened, closed and amount of medication dispensed), as well as send reminders via text message, email or automated phone calls. In addition to helping patients avoid mistakes in medication doses, a telehealth provider can review the information virtually, then analyze and make recommendations or changes. For patients with diabetes, a wide range of wearable glucose monitors check a patient’s levels with an easy scan rather than a finger prick, tracking patterns and enabling remote data sharing with a healthcare provider.
Mental health, in particular, is an area of healthcare that could benefit most from telehealth providers, many of whom treat depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, PTSD, OCD and insomnia disorder in adults using the Enhanced Evidence-based Care (EEBC) method. It combines Measurement-Based Care (MBC), Collaborative Care (CC), Algorithm-guided Treatment (AGT), and Integrated Care (IC) to optimize treatment delivery and outcomes. Clinical research has repeatedly found the EEBC method to be up to twice as effective as usual care. That’s good news for a country facing a mental health crisis. The key findings from a recent Mental Health America report are staggering:
Especially for patients hesitant to get the mental health attention they need, telehealth may provide a safe place to begin a journey back to wellness. In fact, the most forward-thinking providers offer mental health as a key service, understanding the vital connection to overall physical wellbeing, especially for those who suffer from other chronic conditions.
For underinsured or uninsured Americans, telehealth providers that will offer affordable, high-quality care either through a subscription model or pay-by-visit can be the difference between life and death for patients that can access services on demand from anywhere, with little to no waiting time,. With advances in technology, there is every reason to believe the U.S. healthcare system can be salvaged, if not completely overhauled. In June 2022, a panel of health experts backed by the Commonwealth Fund recommended that a new national public health system be created to fix the disconnected healthcare model. This will require aligning policies, legislation and technology that prioritize affordable access to quality care for every patient. The good news is that connected products and services to enhance healthcare virtually the home are on the rise. Moving forward, there is no doubt that collaboration and commitment of all stakeholders, including the private, public and government sectors, will be necessary to create a new ecosystem in order to realize long-lasting success and the most remarkable patient outcomes imaginable.
Avihai Sodri, is Co-Founder and CEO of Antidote Health.