The method behind our definitive list of the best states for practicing medicine.
The 2022 Physicians Practice Best States rankings are based on six criteria using data from publicly available sources and Physicians Practice partners. The criteria are:
Physicians Practice averaged each state’s ranking in the six criteria. The GPCI was used to break any ties.
Cost of living
The cost of living ranking was based on the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center, which itself based its ratings on averaging the indices of cities and metropolitan areas in each state.
The physician density rankings are based on the Association of American Medical Colleges’ 2021 State Physician Workforce Data Report. This biennial report is based on data from the American Medical Association, the U.S. Census Bureau, the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the National GME Census.
State business taxes collected
This ranking was based on the Tax Foundation’s Facts & Figures How Does Your State Compare? 2022. In particular, Physicians Practice used Table 3 which ranked the states on five criteria: corporate tax, individual income tax, sales tax, unemployment insurance tax, and property tax.
Average malpractice insurance
The raw data used to calculate the average malpractice insurance cost was provided by the Cunningham Group. That data was then averaged out by Physicians Practice.
Quality of life
For the quality of life metric, Physicians Practice used Wallethub’s Best States to Retire rankings which were based on adjusted cost of living, lowest annual cost of in-home services, their own taxpayer ranking, the percentage of the workforce aged 65 and older, museums per capita, theaters per capita, percentage of population aged 65 and older, life expectancy, and property crime rate.
CMS uses the Geographic Practice Cost Indices (GPCI) to adjust Medicare physician payments to account for geographic differences in physicians’ costs. Each GPCI corresponds to one of the three main components of a Medicare physician payment. They are: physician work, practice expense, and malpractice expense. For the purposes of these rankings, Physicians Practices averaged the three GPCI’s together for each state, and major municipalities contained in each state. The lower the GPCI, the higher the ranking. Because of the importance of these criteria, specifically practice expenses, Physicians Practice used GPCI rankings as a tie-breaker in the event of a tie.